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1. Eisagwgh

Eisaste ypoxrewmenoi na diabasete ayto to keimeno; Loipon, as doume an paroysiazete kapoio apo t' akoloy8a symptwmata :

1.1 Prwta diabaste edw! (Kai to ennow)

Merika apo ta paradeigmata aytou edw toy keimenoy proupo8etoyn oti dia8etete ta kata GNU tar, find, kai xargs. Ayta ta arxeia einai stantar, ara logika den 8a sas projenhsoyn problhmata. Epishs, proupoti8etai oti gnwrizete th domh toy systhmatos arxeiwn (filesystem) toy H/Y sas. An oxi, prepei na krathsete ena grapto antigrafo ths (kata th diarkeia ths kanonikhs leitoyrgias toy H/Y) ejodoy ths entolhs mount, h twn grammwn toy arxeioy /etc/fstab (an mporeite na to diabasete). Aytes oi plhrofories einai shmantikes, kai den allazoyn, an den janakanete partition ston sklhro sas disko, an den pros8esete enan kainourgio disko, an den kanete epanegkatastash toy Linux, h kapoia paromoia energeia.

H pio prosfath ekdosh toy pyrhna "paragwghs" kata ton xrono grafhs aytou toy keimenoy einai h 2.2.9 , poy shmainei oti oi anafores kai ta paradeigmata antistoixoun s' aythn thn ekdosh. Oso ki an prospa8hsa na gracw ena keimeno anejarthto apo sygkekrimenes ekdoseis toy pyrhna, aytos brisketai ypo diarkh ejelijh. Epomenws, an parete newterh ekdosh, anapofeykta 8a exei kapoies diafores. 3analew oti ayto logika den 8a dhmioyrghsei megala problhmata, alla isws projenhsei sugxysh.

Yparxoyn duo ekdoseis toy source kwdika toy pyrhna toy Linux, h ekdosh "paragwghs" kai h ekdosh "anaptyjhs". Oi ekdoseis paragwghs einai oses exoyne zygous kai mikrous ari8mous. Px paragwghs htane h 1.2.x , h 2.0.x , ka8ws kai h 2.2.x . Aytoi oi pyrhnes 8ewrountai (kata ton xrono ths kykloforias toys sthn agora) oi pleon sta8eroi kai xwris bugs. Oi pyrhnes anaptyjhs (2.1.x , 2.3.x , klp) proorizontai gia pyrhnes dokimwn, gia osoys xrhstes endiaferontai na testaroyn toys neoys (kai pi8anotata gematoys apo bugs) pyrhnes. Sas proeidopoihsa!

1.2 Dyo logia peri toy stul

Keimeno san ayto einai kati poy, eite emfanizetai sthn o8onh sas, eite einai onoma arxeioy, eite kati poy mporeite na plhktrologhsete (px mia entolh), eite parametroi mias entolhs (an koitajete ena arxeioy ka8arou text, den diaferei). Oi entoles (kai genika h eisodos) syxna mpainoyn anamesa se mona eisagwgika ("), pragma poy mas paei sto ejhs klasiko problhma stijhs : Ean mia entolh brisketai sto telos Mias protashs se mona eisagwgika, synh8ws oloi grafoyne kai mia teleia meta thn entolh, epeidh oi amerikanikoi kanones stijhs lene na bazoyme thn teleia mesa sta eisagwgika. An kai h koinh logikh (kai dystyxws, ayto proupo8etei oti oi exontes "koinh logikh" einai synh8ismenoi sto legomeno amerikaniko stul eisagwgikwn) leei n' afairoume prwta thn stijh, ta perissotera atoma apla den to 8ymountai, epomenws se tetoies periptwseis 8a topo8etw th stijh ejw ap' ta eisagwgika. M' alla logia, otan deixnw oti prepei na plhktrologeite px "make config", 8a grafw "make config", oxi "make config." . (S.t.m. : Sta Ellhnika, h stijh den akoloy8ei aytous toys kanones, ara den 8a xreiastei na 8ymomaste tis sygkekrimenes dieykrinhseis.)


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