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4. Pros8etontas workstations

Twra, poy o server einai etoimos, mporoume n' arxisoyme na pros8etoyme ws's.

4.1 Ftiaxnontas disketa h EPROM ekkinhshs

Den xreiazetai na tis ftiajete kai tis duo mazi, gia na jekinhsei o ws.

Ftiaxnontas disketa ekkinhshs

Akomh ki an 8elete na xrhsimopoihsete EPROM ekkinhshs, einai xrhsimo na dokimasete prwta thn ekkinhsh me mia disketa. Gia na ftiajete th disketa, dwste :

dd if=/<path-to-zImage>/zImage of=/dev/fd0

Ftiaxnontas EPROM ekkinhshs

Yparxoyn kamposa free programmata gia kataskeyh EPROM ekkinhshs :

  1. To netboot, poy kata thn tapeinh moy gnwmh einai to plhrestero free programma poy yparxei. Ayto xrhsimopoiei stantar drivers gia DOS, synepws yposthrizontai sxedon oles oi kartes. Mia polu xrhsimh ypodeijh poy phra apo thn mailing list toys, htan na spasw merikous drivers me to pklite, afou aytoi htane polu megaloi, wste na xwresoyn se mia EPROM ekkinhshs. H tekmhriwsh toy netboot einai arketa plhrhs, etsi den 8a xasw xrono na thn antigracw edw. Einai eparkhs gia na ftiajete mia EPROM ekkinhshs, kai na ekkinhsete enan ws m' aythn. H selida toy netboot einai h : http://www.han.de/~gero/netboot/ .
  2. To etherboot, ena allo free programma poy exei merika omorfa xarakthristika, opws h yposthrijh dhcp, alla exei periorismenh yposthrijh gia drivers, mia poy xrhsimopoiei to diko toy driver format. Ayto den to exw xrhsimopoihsei, ara den mporw na dwsw alles xrhsimes plhrofories. H selida toy Etherboot einai h : http://www.slug.org.au/etherboot/ .

Sxetika me tis ides tis EPROMs : Oi perissoteres kartes diktuoy dexontai synh8ismenes EPROMs se bash 28 akidwn dip. Aytes oi EPROMs ftanoyn mexri ta 64kB. Gia tis perissoteres kartes 8a xreiasteite EPROMs twn 32kB me to netboot. Merikoi drivers xwrane se 16kB, alla h diafora timhs twn sxetikwn EPROMs einai elaxisth. Aytes oi EPROMs grafontai me opoiodhpote synh8ismeno EPROM burner.

4.2 Ftiaxnontas ena ws dir

Apla antigracte to protypo dir, dinontas :

cd /tftpbootcp -a template <ip>

Fysika, 8a mporousate apla n' antigracete ta dirs twn ws's me idio mouse, idia karta grafikwn kai idio monitor, kai na paraleicete tis ry8miseis sto bhma 5.4 .

4.3 Pros8etontas grammes sta /etc/bootptab kai /etc/hosts

Dior8wste to /etc/bootptab kai pros8este mia grammh gia ton ws twn dokimwn. Px, mia katallhlh grammh einai :


nfsroot1:hd=/tftpboot:vm=auto:ip=10.0.0.237:\ 
:ht=ethernet:ha=00201889EE78:\
:bf=bootImage:rp=/tftpboot/10.0.0.237/root
 

Antikatasthste to nfsroot1 me to onoma host, poy 8elete na exei o ws. Antikatasthste to 10.0.0.237 me to ip poy 8elete na exei o ws (kante to ayto 2 fores), kai antikatasthste to 00201889EE78 me thn antistoixh dieu8ynsh mhxanhs (ths kartas diktuoy) toy ws. An den gnwrizete th dieu8ynsh mhxanhs toy ws, apla ekkinhste ton me th disketa ekkinhshs poy molis ftiajate, kai cajte ton ari8mo ths dieu8ynshs mhxanhs anamesa sta mhnumata ekkinhshs. Yparxei mia pi8anothta to bootp na trexei hdh, synepws bebaiw8eite janajekinwntas to me :

killall -HUP bootpd

Mhn anhsyxeite an apotuxei ayto, ayto shmainei oti to bootp den etrexe. Epishs, mporei na to jekinhsei kai o inetd, an toy to zhthsoyme.

4.4 Ekkinwntas ton ws gia prwth fora

Apla jekinhste ton ws me th disketa. Ayth h diadikasia 8a prepei na dwsei enan ws poy doyleuei se text mode, me akribws tis idies ry8miseis toy server, ektos aytwn gia ta ip-nr kai tis services poy trexoyne. Akomh ki an 8elete na balete EPROM ekkinhshs, 8a htan ejypno prwta na dokimasete me th disketa. An doylecei h disketa, mporeite meta na dokimasete me thn EPROM. Gia perissotera, diabaste thn tekmhriwsh gia EPROMs ekkinhshs.

4.5 Kanontas tis eidikes gia ton ws ry8miseis.

Twra, hr8e h stigmh na kanoyme tis eidikes ry8miseis toy ws :

  1. Prwta-prwta, gia na doylecei to mouse, apla trexoyme to mouseconfig. Gia na efarmosoyme tis allages kai na dokimasoyme an doyleuei to pontiki, dinoyme :
    /etc/rc.d/init.d restart
  2. Trexoyme to Xconfigurator. Otan ayto brei thn karta o8onhs kai sas zhthsei na pathsete ok, mhn to kanete! Afou exoyme metakinhsei to symlink toy Xserver apo to /etc/X11/X sto /etc/sysconfig/X11/X , to Xconfigurator den 8a ftiajei to swsto link. Etsi, gia na sigoyreytoume oti kai oi ypoloipes ry8miseis toy Xconfigurator 8a ginoyn swsta, gyrizoyme se mia allh konsola, kai ftiaxnoyme to link sto /etc/sysconfig/X11 gia ton sygkekrimeno server. Meta, apla teleiwnoyme me to Xconfigurator kai dokimazoyme ta X.
  3. Ry8mizoyme o,tidhpote diaforetiko ap' osa exei o server kai to protypo dir :
  4. Swste ta links kai opoies alles allages sto /dev . Dwste :
    /etc/rc.d/rc.devfs save /etc/sysconfig
  5. Ola etoima.

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