Next Previous Contents

1. Eisagwgh

1.1 Einai to Linux katallhlo gia esas;

Skefteste na allajete apo ton kosmo toy DOS (aytos o orismos kaluptei kai ta Windows) sto Linux; Kalh idea: to Linux einai texnikws anwtero toy DOS, twn Windows 9x kai akomh kai twn Windows NT. Prosoxh omws: isws na mhn einai xrhsimo gia esas. Aytes einai oi basikes diafores metaju twn DOS/Windows kai toy Linux:

Ejartatai apo esas na apofasisete ti xreiazeste. Epipleon, to Linux sas dinei dunamh, alla sas pairnei arketo xrono mexri na ma8ete pws na th xrhsimopoieite. Epishs, an xrhsimopoieite kyriws emporiko logismiko, h den exete orejh na ma8ete nees entoles kai diadikasies, kalutera cajte se alla leitoyrgika. Exete yp' och oti polla atoma poy apofasizoyn na asxolh8oun me to Linux ta paratoun, logw twn dyskoliwn sthn arxh.

To Linux ginetai oloena aploustero sth xrhsh, omws mhn perimenete na ma8ete na to xrhsimopoieite teleia protou diabasete polu kai to exete xrhsimopoihsei gia toylaxiston merikous mhnes. To Linux de dinei amesa apotelesmata. Par' oles aytes tis proeidopoihseis omws eimai 100% sigoyro; oti me to Linux 8a breite ton Paradeiso gia ton ypologisth sas. Ep' eykairias, ypen8ymizw oti Linux + DOS/Win mporoun na synyparxoyn aneta ston idio ypologisth.

Proupo8eseis gi' ayto to howto: Ypo8etw oti

Ektos an anafer8ei diaforetika, oles oi plhrofories poy parati8entai anaferontai sto palio kako DOS. Se kapoia shmeia yparxoyn plhrofories kai gia ta Windows here and there, exete omws yp' och oti ta Windows kai to Linux einai entelws diaforetika, se anti8esh me to DOS poy einai kati san enas ftwxos syggenhs toy UNIX.

Epishs exete yp' och oti ayth h doyleia den einai enas plhrhs odhgos, oute kan odhgos gia arxarioys!

H teleytaia ekdosh aytou toy keimenoy brisketai se diafores morfes sto ftp://sunsite.unc.edu:/pub/Linux/docs/howto.

1.2 Einai. Peite moy perissotera.

Egkatasthsate to Linux kai tis efarmoges poy xreiazosastan ston ypologisth sas. Ftiajate enan logariasmo gia ton eayto sas (an oxi gracte adduser toonomasas twra! kai to Linux leitoyrgei. Dwsate to onoma xrhsth kai ton kwdiko sas, kai twra koitate thn o8onh skeptomenos «twra;».

Mhn apogohteueste..... eiste sxedon etoimos na kanete o,ti kanate kai sta DOS/Win, kai polla akomh. An xrhsimopoiousate ta DOS/Win 8a kanate kati apo ta parakatw:

8a sas endiaferei na ma8ete oti aytes oi leitoyrgies mporoun kai ginoyn kai sto Linux me tropo paromoio me ayton toy DOS. Sto DOS o mesos xrhsths xrhsimopoiei elaxistes apo tis 100 kai pleon dia8esimes entoles· to idio, mexri enos shmeioy, symbainei kai sto Linux.

Eisagwgika 8emata

O kaluteros tropos na ma8ete kati neo einai na lerwsete ta xeria sas. Ston kosmo toy Linux en8arrunes8e na peiramatisteite kai na «paijete» me to leitoyrgiko, giati ektos ki an mpeite sto susthma (login) ws «root», den mporeite na kanete kanena kako. Kapoia shmeia:

Pou 8a breite boh8eia

Yparxoyn para polloi tropoi na breite boh8eia gia to Linux. Oi shmantikoteroi einai:

1.3 Symbaseis

Sto paron eggrafo polla paradeigmata 8a einai sthn ejhs morfh: h <...> einai mia aparaithth parametros, enw h [...] proairetikh. Paradeigma:

$ tar -tf <file.tar> [> redir_file]

To file.tar prepei na anaferetai, omws h anakateu8ynsh (redirection) sto redir_file einai proairetikh.

«RMP» shmainei «please Read the Man Pages for further information» (= parakalw diabaste tis selides egxeiridioy gia peraiterw plhrofories). Epanalambanw oti einai ejairetika shmantiko na diabazei kaneis thn tekmhriwsh. To «DOSWin» shmainei «DOS/Windows».

Otan to prompt mias entolhs einai to #, h entolh ayth mporei na klh8ei monon apo ton root.


Next Previous Contents